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Containing group: Porifera


Dohrmann, M., O. Voigt, D. Erpenbeck and G. Wörheide. 2006. Non-monophyly of most supraspecific taxa of calcareous sponges (Porifera, Calcarea) revealed by increased taxon sampling and partitioned Bayesian analysis of ribosomal DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40(3):830-843.

Koziol, C., S. P. Leys, I. M. Müller, and W. E. G. Müller. 1997. Cloning of Hsp70 genes from the marine sponges Sycon raphanus (Calcarea) and Rhabdocalyptus dawsoni (Hexactinellida). An approach to solve the phylogeny of sponges . Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 62:581-592.

Manuel, M., C. Borchiellini, E. Alivon, Y. Le Parco, J. Vacelet, and N. Boury-Esnault. 2003. Phylogeny and evolution of calcareous sponges: monophyly of calcinea and Calcaronea, high levels of morphological homoplasy, and the primitive nature of axial symmetry. Systematic Biology 52:311-333.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Clathrina
Location Australia, Reef #2, Great Barrier Reef
Creator Dr. Robert Ricker, NOAA/NOS/ORR
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source rikr0049, NOAA's Coral Kingdom Collection
Source Collection NOAA Photo Library
About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Calcarea. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2008. Calcarea. Version 04 March 2008 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Calcarea/20433/2008.03.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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